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POPULATION DEMOGRAPHICS AND DIVERSITY:
Population
Rankings
2000 2010 2012
Metro Area 68,498 72,711 72,852

Definition: Resident Population

Notes: Data are as of April 1, except 2012 data which are as of July 1.  Metropolitan area totals summed from counties.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau Intercensal Population Estimates

POPULATION DEMOGRAPHICS AND DIVERSITY:
Population by Race/Ethnicity
Rankings
2000 2010 2012
White (Non-Hispanic) 65,649 68,958 68,812
Hispanic 491 945 1,029
Black (Non-Hispanic) 1,634 1,691 1,744
Asian or Pacific Islander (Non-Hispanic) 216 334 409
American Indian or Alaska Native (Non-Hispanic) 96 143 152
Two or More Races (Non-Hispanic) 412 640 706

Definition: Resident population by race and ethnicity.

Notes: Data are as of April 1, except 2012 data which are as of July 1.  Metropolitan area totals summed from counties.  Hispanics may be of any race.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau Intercensal Population Estimates

POPULATION DEMOGRAPHICS AND DIVERSITY:
Share of Population by Race/Ethnicity
Rankings
2000 2010 2012
White (Non-Hispanic) 95.8% 94.8% 94.5%
Hispanic 0.7% 1.3% 1.4%
Black (Non-Hispanic) 2.4% 2.3% 2.4%
Asian or Pacific Islander (Non-Hispanic) 0.3% 0.5% 0.6%
American Indian or Alaska Native (Non-Hispanic) 0.1% 0.2% 0.2%
Two or More Races (Non-Hispanic) 0.6% 0.9% 1.0%

Definition: Each racial/ethnic group's share of the total resident population.

Notes: Data are as of April 1, except 2012 data which are as of July 1.  Metropolitan area totals summed from counties.  Hispanics may be of any race.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau Intercensal Population Estimates

POPULATION DEMOGRAPHICS AND DIVERSITY:
Percent Change in Population
Rankings
2000-2010
Metro Area 6.2%

Definition: Percent change in the resident population.

Notes: Metropolitan area totals summed from counties.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau Intercensal Population Estimates

POPULATION DEMOGRAPHICS AND DIVERSITY:
Percent Change in Population by Race/Ethnicity (2000-2010)
Rankings
Metro Area
White (Non-Hispanic) 5.0%
Hispanic 92.5%
Black (Non-Hispanic) 3.5%
Asian or Pacific Islander (Non-Hispanic) 54.6%
American Indian or Alaska Native (Non-Hispanic) 49.0%
Two or More Races (Non-Hispanic) 55.3%

Definition: Percent change in the resident population by race/ethnicity.

Notes: Metropolitan area totals summed from counties.  Hispanics may be of any race.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau Intercensal Population Estimates

POPULATION DEMOGRAPHICS AND DIVERSITY:
Share of the Population that is Foreign-born
Rankings
2000
Metro Area 1.1%

Definition: Share of the Population that is Foreign-born

Source: 2000 Census Summary File 3

POPULATION DEMOGRAPHICS AND DIVERSITY:
Share of the Population that is Foreign-born by Race/Ethnicity (2000)
Rankings
Metro Area
Non-Hispanic White 0.5%
Hispanic 30.7%
Black 0.5%
Asian/Pac. Islander 80.8%
Indian 0.0%

Definition: Share of the Population that is Foreign-born

Source: 2000 Census Summary File 3

POPULATION DEMOGRAPHICS AND DIVERSITY:
Share of Population Speaking Non-English Language at Home
Rankings
2000
Metro Area 2.3%

Definition: Share of the population aged 5+ who report speaking a language other than English at home.

Source: 2000 Census Summary File 3

POPULATION DEMOGRAPHICS AND DIVERSITY:
Share of Population Speaking Non-English Language at Home by Race/Ethnicity (2000)
Rankings
Metro Area
Non-Hispanic White 1.8%
Hispanic 32.5%
Black 3.8%
Asian/Pac. Islander 84.4%
Indian 0.0%

Definition: Share of the population aged 5+ who report speaking a language other than English at home.

Source: 2000 Census Summary File 3

HOUSING OPPORTUNITIES:
Homeownership Rate
Rankings
2000 2010
Metro Area 74.0% 71.0%

Definition: The share of occupied housing units that are owner-occupied.

Source: 2000 and 2010 Census Summary File 1

HOUSING OPPORTUNITIES:
Homeownership Rate by Race/Ethnicity
Rankings
2000 2010
Non-Hispanic White 74.9% 72.3%
Hispanic 48.8% 36.8%
Black 46.2% 39.8%
Asian/Pac. Islander 55.4% 52.2%
Indian 51.2% 47.1%

Definition: The share of occupied housing units that are owner-occupied.

Source: 2000 and 2010 Census Summary File 1

HOUSING OPPORTUNITIES:
Share of Renters Paying More than 30% of Income for Rent
Rankings
2000
Metro Area 33.8%

Definition: The share of renter occupied households that pay 30% or more of household income for gross rent.

Source: 2000 Census Summary File 3

HOUSING OPPORTUNITIES:
Share of Renters Paying More than 30% of Income for Rent by Race/Ethnicity (2000)
Rankings
Metro Area
Non-Hispanic White 33.2%
Hispanic 51.7%
Black 40.7%
Asian/Pac. Islander 42.3%

Definition: The share of renter occupied households that pay 30% or more of household income for gross rent.

Source: 2000 Census Summary File 3

EDUCATION:
Composition of Public School Enrollment by Race/Ethnicity
Rankings
1999-2000 2000-2001 2007-2008 2010-2011
Non-Hispanic White 95.8% 95.5% 94.3% 91.2%
Hispanic 0.3% 0.4% 1.3% 2.3%
Non-Hispanic Black 3.5% 3.6% 3.6% 3.4%
Non-Hispanic Asian/Pac. Islander 0.4% 0.5% 0.6% 0.8%
Non-Hispanic American Indian 0.0% 0.0% 0.2% 0.4%
Non-Hispanic Multi-Racial 2.0%

Definition: Racial/ethnic composition of public school enrollment.

Notes: Racial/ethnic shares of enrollment are based on total number of students for whom race/ethnicity was reported, which may not sum to total school enrollment reported separately.   Data for 1999-2001 geocoded from zip codes to metropolitan areas.   Data for multi-racial students only collected for all states as of 2010-2011.  Excludes metro areas in which 10% or more of students attended schools for which race/ethnicity data was not reported.  Pre-K students not included for metros in the following states in the specified years:  1999-2000: AL, CA, KY, WY.   2000-2001: AL, CA, KY, WY, TN.   2007-2008: CA, MI, SD.  2010-2011:  CA, OR, MI. 

Source: National Center for Education Statistics, Common Core of Data. Public Elementary/Secondary School Universe Survey.

EDUCATION:
Segregation of Public Primary School Students, Dissimilarity by Race/Ethnicity
Rankings
1999-2000 2000-2001 2007-2008 2010-2011
Hispanic---Non-Hispanic White 47.9% 49.5% 18.3% 22.1%
Non-Hisp. Black---Non-Hispanic White 47.0% 47.6% 47.5% 55.0%
Non-Hisp. Asian/Pac. Isl.---Non-Hispanic White 32.0% 30.1% 50.0% 32.6%
Non-Hisp. Indian---Non-Hispanic White 91.8% 74.4% 69.6% 38.7%
Non-Hisp. Multi-Racial---Non-Hispanic White 17.3%

Definition: Dissimilarity is the evenness with which one racial population group is located (or segregated) within a metro area, with respect to another racial group. The dissimilarity statistic is interpreted as the proportion of one racial group that would need to relocate to another school in order for the racial composition of each school to mirror the racial composition of all students in the metro area as a whole. A value of 0% represents complete integration and a value of 100% represents complete segregation.

Notes: Primary schools defined as those with lowest grade of "Pre-K" through 3 and highest grade of "Pre-K" through 8.  Indices in metro areas with small numbers of specified racial/ethnic groups should be used with caution. Data for 1999-2001 geocoded from zip codes to metropolitan areas.  Excludes metro areas in which 10% or more of students attended schools for which race/ethnicity data was not reported.  Pre-K students not included for metros in the following states in the specified years:  1999-2000: AL, CA, KY, WY.   2000-2001: AL, CA, KY, WY, TN.   2007-2008: CA, MI, SD.  2010-2011:  CA, OR, MI.  Data for multi-racial students only collected for all states as of 2010-2011.

Source: National Center for Education Statistics, Common Core of Data. Public Elementary/Secondary School Universe Survey.

EDUCATION:
Poverty Rate of School Where Average Primary School Student Attends by Race/Ethnicity
Rankings
1999-2000 2000-2001 2007-2008 2010-2011
Non-Hispanic White 46.0% 44.4% 48.1% 52.2%
Hispanic 42.2% 43.4% 49.3% 51.2%
Non-Hispanic Black 45.1% 44.5% 54.3% 62.7%
Non-Hispanic Asian/Pac. Islander 46.4% 44.2% 42.9% 43.4%
Non-Hispanic American Indian 41.2% 40.2% 49.2% 55.2%
Non-Hispanic Multi-Racial 52.4%

Definition: Poverty rate in the primary school attended by the average student of the specified race/ethnicity.

Notes: Primary schools defined as those with lowest grade of "Pre-K" through 3 and highest grade of "Pre-K" through 8.  Poverty rate defined as the share of children eligible for free or reduced lunch. Excludes metro areas in which 10 percent or more of students attend schools that do not report valid data on free and reduced lunch eligibility and those for which the computed student poverty rate differs dramatically from that which would be expected based on Census child poverty data.  Excludes metro areas in which 10% or more of students attended schools for which race/ethnicity data was not reported. Data for 1999-2001 geocoded from zip codes to metropolitan areas. Pre-K students not included for metros in the following states in the specified years:  1999-2000: AL, CA, KY, WY.   2000-2001: AL, CA, KY, WY, TN.   2007-2008: CA, MI, SD.  2010-2011:  CA, OR, MI.  Data for multi-racial students only collected for all states as of 2010-2011.

Source: National Center for Education Statistics, Common Core of Data. Public Elementary/Secondary School Universe Survey.

EDUCATION:
Share of Adults With Bachelor's Degree or Higher by Gender (2000)
Rankings
Metro Area
Male 18.0%
Female 15.0%

Definition: Share of Adults Age 25+ With a Bachelor's Degree of Higher

Source: 2000 Census Summary File 3

EDUCATION:
Share of Adults With Bachelor's Degree or Higher by Race/Ethnicity and Gender (2000)
Rankings
Male Female
Non-Hispanic White 18.0% 15.0%
Hispanic 26.0% 47.0%
Black 13.0% 7.0%
Asian/Pac. Islander 28.0% 30.0%
American Indian 0.0% 26.0%

Definition: Share of Adults Age 25+ With a Bachelor's Degree of Higher

Source: 2000 Census Summary File 3

HEALTH:
Low Birthweight Births
Rankings
2005-2006 2007-2008
Metro Area 6.5% 7.0%

Definition: The share of births that are low birthweight.

Notes: Low birthweight defined as weighing less than 2.5kg. Excludes metro areas with less than 100 births to mothers in the specified subgroup over the specified time period. Excludes plural births and births which occurred abroad, in Puerto Rico, or in U.S. Territories. Metro area refers to the location of residence of the mother at the time of the birth.

Source: National Center for Health Statistics' Vital Statistics Natality Birth Data. Metro area level data aggregated from county level data obtained from NCHS by special request.

HEALTH:
Low Birthweight Births by Race/Ethnicity
Rankings
2005-2006 2007-2008
Non-Hispanic White 6.1% 6.8%
Hispanic
Non-Hispanic Black
Non-Hispanic Asian/Pac. Islander

Definition: The share of births that are low birthweight.

Notes: Low birthweight defined as weighing less than 2.5kg. Excludes metro areas with less than 100 births to mothers in the specified subgroup over the specified time period. Excludes plural births and births which occurred abroad, in Puerto Rico, or in U.S. Territories. Metro area refers to the location of residence of the mother at the time of the birth.

Source: National Center for Health Statistics' Vital Statistics Natality Birth Data. Metro area level data aggregated from county level data obtained from NCHS by special request.

HEALTH:
Preterm Births
Rankings
2005-2006 2007-2008
Metro Area 11.5% 12.2%

Definition: The share of births that were preterm.

Notes: Preterm defined as having a gestational age less than 37 weeks. Excludes metro areas with less than 100 births to mothers in the specified subgroup over the specified time period. Excludes plural births and births which occurred abroad, in Puerto Rico, or in U.S. Territories. Metro area refers to the location of residence of the mother at the time of the birth.

Source: National Center for Health Statistics' Vital Statistics Natality Birth Data. Metro area level data aggregated from county level data obtained from NCHS by special request.

HEALTH:
Preterm Births by Race/Ethnicity
Rankings
2005-2006 2007-2008
Non-Hispanic White 11.5% 12.1%
Hispanic
Non-Hispanic Black
Non-Hispanic Asian/Pac. Islander

Definition: The share of births that were preterm.

Notes: Preterm defined as having a gestational age less than 37 weeks. Excludes metro areas with less than 100 births to mothers in the specified subgroup over the specified time period. Excludes plural births and births which occurred abroad, in Puerto Rico, or in U.S. Territories. Metro area refers to the location of residence of the mother at the time of the birth.

Source: National Center for Health Statistics' Vital Statistics Natality Birth Data. Metro area level data aggregated from county level data obtained from NCHS by special request.

HEALTH:
Births to Teenage Mothers
Rankings
2005-2006 2007-2008
Metro Area 11.4% 13.3%

Definition: The share of all births that are to teenage mothers.

Notes: Excludes metro areas with less than 100 births to mothers in the specified subgroup over the specified time period. Excludes plural births and births which occurred abroad, in Puerto Rico, or in U.S. Territories. Metro area refers to the location of residence of the mother at the time of the birth.

Source: National Center for Health Statistics' Vital Statistics Natality Birth Data. Metro area level data aggregrated from county level data obtained from NCHS by special request.

HEALTH:
Births to Teenage Mothers by Race/Ethnicity
Rankings
2005-2006 2007-2008
Non-Hispanic White 11.5% 13.2%
Hispanic
Non-Hispanic Black
Non-Hispanic Asian/Pac. Islander

Definition: The share of all births that are to teenage mothers.

Notes: Excludes metro areas with less than 100 births to mothers in the specified subgroup over the specified time period. Excludes plural births and births which occurred abroad, in Puerto Rico, or in U.S. Territories. Metro area refers to the location of residence of the mother at the time of the birth.

Source: National Center for Health Statistics' Vital Statistics Natality Birth Data. Metro area level data aggregated from county level data obtained from NCHS by special request.

RESIDENTIAL INTEGRATION AND NEIGHBORHOOD CHARACTERISTICS:
Segregation of the Population: Dissimilarity with Non-Hispanic Whites by Race/Ethnicity
Rankings
2000 2010
Hispanic 15.6% 18.1%
Non-Hispanic Black 42.7% 44.6%
Non-Hispanic Asian/Pacific Islander 30.2% 32.5%
Non-Hispanic American Indian or Alaska Native 26.1% 20.5%

Definition: Dissimilarity is the evenness with which one racial population group is located (or segregated) within a metro area, with respect to another racial group. The dissimilarity statistic is interpreted as the proportion of one racial group that would need to relocate to another neighborhood (census tract) for that racial group to be distributed across the metro area like a second (reference) racial group. A value of "0%" reflects absolute integration; a value of "100%" reflects absolute segregation.

Notes: Racial groups refer to people who indicated they were of specified race "alone."  Excludes those specifying two or more races.  Indices in metro areas with small numbers of specified racial/ethnic groups should be used with caution.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census, Summary File 1 and 2010 Redistricting File. Modeled on analysis in: "Racial and Ethnic Residential Segregation in the United States: 1980-2000," U.S. Census Bureau, Series CENSR-3.

RESIDENTIAL INTEGRATION AND NEIGHBORHOOD CHARACTERISTICS:
Exposure to Neighborhood Poverty by Race/Ethnicity (1999)
Rankings
Metro Area
Non-Hispanic White 12.2%

Definition: This indicator provides the poverty rate for the average neighborhood in which each racial group lives. For instance, if the value is 10% for blacks, this statistic is interpreted as "The average black person in this metro area lives in a neighborhood where 10% of the population is in poverty."

Notes: Poverty rates defined as of 1999. Excludes metro areas with less than 5,000 population of the specified racial/ethnic group.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census, Summary File 3 accessed through the Neighborhood Change Database. U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census, Summary File 1.

RESIDENTIAL INTEGRATION AND NEIGHBORHOOD CHARACTERISTICS:
Exposure to Neighborhood Unemployment by Race/Ethnicity (2000)
Rankings
Metro Area
Non-Hispanic White 4.8%

Definition: This indicator provides the unemployment rate for the average neighborhood in which each racial group lives. For instance, if the value is 10% for blacks, this statistic is interpreted as "The average black person in this metro area lives in a neighborhood where the unemployment rate is 10%."

Notes: Employment status is for civilians age 16+ years old. Excludes metro areas with less than 5,000 population of the specified racial/ethnic group.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census, Summary File 3 accessed through the Neighborhood Change Database. U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census, Summary File 1.

RESIDENTIAL INTEGRATION AND NEIGHBORHOOD CHARACTERISTICS:
Childrens' Exposure to Neighborhood Poverty
Rankings
1999
Metro Area 12.4%

Definition: This indicator provides the poverty rate in the neighborhood where the average child lives. For instance, if the value is 10%, this statistic is interpreted as "The average child in this metro area lives in a neighborhood where the poverty rate is 10%."

Notes: Poverty rates defined as of 1999.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census, Summary File 3 accessed through the Neighborhood Change Database. U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census, Summary File 1.

RESIDENTIAL INTEGRATION AND NEIGHBORHOOD CHARACTERISTICS:
Children's Exposure to Neighborhood Unemployment
Rankings
2000
Metro Area 4.8%

Definition: This indicator provides the unemployment rate in the neighborhood where the average child lives. For instance, if the value is 10%, this statistic is interpreted as "The average child in this metro area lives in a neighborhood where the unemployment rate is 10%."

Notes: Children defined as under 18. Unemployment rate based on workers age 16+. Excludes metro areas with less than 5,000 child population of the specified racial/ethnic group.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census, Summary File 3 accessed through the Neighborhood Change Database. U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census, Summary File 1.

RESIDENTIAL INTEGRATION AND NEIGHBORHOOD CHARACTERISTICS:
Childrens' Exposure to Neighborhood Poverty by Race/Ethnicity (1999)
Rankings
Metro Area
Non-Hispanic White 12.2%

Definition: This indicator provides the poverty rate in the neighborhood where the average child of different racial/ethnic groups lives. For instance, if the value is 10% for Hispanic children, this statistic is interpreted as "The average Hispanic child in this metro area lives in a neighborhood where the poverty rate is 10%."

Notes: Poverty rates defined as of 1999. Children are defined as under 18. Excludes metro areas with less than 5,000 child population of the specified racial/ethnic group.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census, Summary File 3 accessed through the Neighborhood Change Database. U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census, Summary File 1.

RESIDENTIAL INTEGRATION AND NEIGHBORHOOD CHARACTERISTICS:
Children's Exposure to Neighborhood Unemployment by Race/Ethnicity (2000)
Rankings
Metro Area
Non-Hispanic White 4.8%

Definition: This indicator provides the unemployment rate in the neighborhood where the average child of different racial/ethnic groups lives. For instance, if the value is 10% for Hispanic children, this statistic is interpreted as "The average Hispanic child in this metro area lives in a neighborhood where the unemployment rate is 10%."

Notes: Children defined as under 18. Unemployment rate based on workers age 16+. Excludes metro areas with less than 5,000 child population of the specified racial/ethnic group.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census, Summary File 3 accessed through the Neighborhood Change Database. U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census, Summary File 1.

RESIDENTIAL INTEGRATION AND NEIGHBORHOOD CHARACTERISTICS:
Poor Childrens' Exposure to Neighborhood Poverty by Race/Ethnicity (1999)
Rankings
Metro Area
Non-Hispanic White 14.0%

Definition: This indicator provides the poverty rate in the neighborhood where the average poor child of different racial/ethnic groups lives. For instance, if the value is 10% for poor Hispanic children, this statistic is interpreted as "The average poor Hispanic child in this metro area lives in a neighborhood where the poverty rate is 10%."

Notes: Poverty rates defined as of 1999. Children are defined as under 18. Excludes metro areas with less than 5,000 child population of the specified racial/ethnic group.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census, Summary File 3.

RESIDENTIAL INTEGRATION AND NEIGHBORHOOD CHARACTERISTICS:
Poor Children's Exposure to Neighborhood Unemployment by Race/Ethnicity (2000)
Rankings
Metro Area
Non-Hispanic White 5.4%

Definition: This indicator provides the unemployment rate in the neighborhood where the average poor child of different racial/ethnic groups lives. For instance, if the value is 10% for poor Hispanic children, this statistic is interpreted as "The average poor Hispanic child in this metro area lives in a neighborhood where the unemployment rate is 10%."

Notes: Children defined as under 18. Unemployment rate based on workers age 16+. Excludes metro areas with less than 5,000 child population of the specified racial/ethnic group.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census, Summary File 3 accessed through the Neighborhood Change Database.

ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITIES:
Poverty Rate
Rankings
1999
Metro Area 12.3%

Definition: Proportion of people below the poverty level, among the population for whom poverty status is determined

Source: 2000 Census Summary File 3

ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITIES:
Poverty Rate by Race/Ethnicity (1999)
Rankings
Metro Area
Non-Hispanic White 11.8%
Hispanic 12.5%
Black 26.1%
Asian/Pac. Islander 31.3%
Indian 12.0%

Definition: Proportion of people below the poverty level, among the population for whom poverty status is determined

Source: 2000 Census Summary File 3

ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITIES:
Child Poverty Rate
Rankings
1999
Metro Area 16.5%

Definition: Proportion of children under 18 below the poverty level, among the population for whom poverty status is determined

Source: 2000 Census Summary File 3

ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITIES:
Child Poverty Rate by Race/Ethnicity (1999)
Rankings
Metro Area
Non-Hispanic White 15.7%
Hispanic 6.1%
Black 31.9%
Asian/Pac. Islander 51.4%
Indian 0.0%

Definition: Proportion of children under 18 below the poverty level, among the population for whom poverty status is determined

Source: 2000 Census Summary File 3

ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITIES:
Unemployment Rate by Gender (2000)
Rankings
Metro Area
Male 5.0%
Female 5.0%

Definition: Share of population age 16+ in the labor force who are unemployed

Source: 2000 Census Summary File 3

ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITIES:
Unemployment Rate by Race/Ethnicity and Gender (2000)
Rankings
Male Female
Non-Hispanic White 4.0% 5.0%
Hispanic 0.0% 16.0%
Black 17.0% 8.0%
Asian/Pac. Islander 4.0% 0.0%
American Indian 24.0% 27.0%

Definition: Share of population age 16+ in the labor force who are unemployed

Source: 2000 Census Summary File 3