The Heller School For Social Policty And Management The Heller School For Social Policy and Management Brandeis University


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Definition: Spatial Proximity is a measure of clustering, and indicates the extent to which minorities live in neighborhoods adjacent to other minority neighborhoods. High numbers indicate that there is a high amount of clustering of minority neighborhoods in the metro area. Spatial proximity equals 1.0 if there is no differential clustering between minority and majority group members. It is greater than 1.0 when members of each group live nearer to one another than to members of the other group, and is less than 1.0 if minority and majority members live nearer to members of the other group than to members of their own group.

Notes: Racial groups refer to people who indicated they were of specified race "alone."  Excludes those specifying two or more races.  Indices in metro areas with small numbers of specified racial/ethnic groups should be used with caution.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census, Summary File 1 and 2010 Redistricting File. Modeled on analysis in: "Racial and Ethnic Residential Segregation in the United States: 1980-2000," U.S. Census Bureau, Series CENSR-3.